Hyperthyroidism

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      • Hyperthyroidism
        • Increased synthesis and secretion of free thyroid hormones resulting in hyper- metabolism
        • Ten times more common in women than in men (MCQ)
        • Etiology
            • Graves’ disease (most common cause, 80% of cases)
            • Toxic multinodular goiter
            • Toxic adenoma (Plummer’s disease) (MCQ)
            • Iatrogenic (lithium therapy) (MCQ)
            • inadvertent toxic ingestion
            • factitious (thyrotoxicosis factitia)
            • Transient hyperthyroidism (subacute thyroiditis) (MCQ)
            • Pathophysiology
              • High levels of free thyroid hormones increase levels of cellular metabolism and cause multiple effects, resulting in a general state of hypermetabolism. (MCQ)
            • Signs and symptoms
                • Heat intolerance, sweating
                • Palpitations (MCQ)
                • hyperthyroidism is a common cause of atrial fibrillation(MCQ)
                • Weight loss
                • Tremor
                • Nervousness and anxiety
                • Weakness and fatigue
                • Hyperdefecation(MCQ)
                • Diagnosis
                  • Measure TSH, free T4, and free T3 (if the T4 level is normal)
                • Treatment
                      • Depends on underlying disorder
                    • Clinical pearls :
                    • Causes of large tongue (macroglossia):
                      • Acromegaly
                      • Myxedema


Thyroid Disease Symptoms and Treatments (Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism and Goiter)
Hypothyroidism is a disorder caused due to formation of less thyroid hormone, in comparison to the normal body requirements. In such cases, the thyroid gland is called to be ‘sluggish or underactive’. Inadequate thyroid hormones result in slowing down of the overall body metabolism.

Graves’ Disease – Hyperthyroidism – Everything You Need to Know – MADE EASY
his information is intended for educational purposes only, and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please consult your physician for advice about changes that may affect your health.
Natural Treatment For Graves Disease (hyperthyroidism)
Video overviews causes and natural treatments for Graves Disease.
Uses a naturopathic / functional medicine perspective
Autoimmune disease and triggers, molecular mimicry, yersinia, h. pylori.

Hyperthyroidism – USMLE Step 2 Review
This is a review of Hyperthyroidism for medical students in their clinical years and others learning clinical medicine.
yperthyroidism – CRASH! USMLE Step 2 and 3
(Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for physician medical licensing exam review purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should consult your physician or seek immediate medical attention.)